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Steel Bonded TiC: Grade Selection for Custom Metal Parts 

What you see is an Atomic Force Imaging of a polished surface of our Ferro-TiCŪ CM grade alloy bonded titanium carbide.  The rounded titanium carbide (TiC) particles exposed on the surface of these materials provide a combination of low coefficient of friction and a hardness 30% higher than tungsten carbide (WC).  This unique combination makes the alloy bonded TiC materials especially suited for wear resistant applications.
Ferro-TiCŪ Steel alloy bonded titanium carbide (TiC) materials are made by advanced powder metallurgy technologies. Unlike tungsten carbide, Ferro-TiCŪ is bonded by hardenable alloy matrices.
Surface of Ferro Grade Alloy Bonded Titanium Carbide
Surface of Ferro-TiCŪ CM Grade
Alloy Bonded Titanium Carbide

Ferro-TiCŪ Unique Characteristics

Ferro-TiCŪ provides the lightweight, size, stability, and hardness.
Ferro-TiCŪ is virtually porosity free - significantly better than the A1 ASTM B-276-79 Standard.
Low specific mass. Ferro-TiCŪ is 10-20% lighter than its steel counterpart and
     about 50% lighter than tungsten carbide.
10 times the wear resistance of tool steels
Economical fabrication
      - conventionally machinable in the annealed stage by milling, turning, etc.
      - conventionally heat treatable to achieve high hardness.
50-90% less linear size change in heat treat than tool steels

Ferro TicŪ Properties Tables

The properties tables below provide technical data for many of the existing grades of Ferro-TiCŪ.  Some may have superior thermal shock resistance.  Some are magnetic, some are nonmagnetic.  Some operate under cryogenic conditions. Some offer excellent resistance to vibration. The Grades listed are those generally used for these particular purposes. However, they can and have been modified to meet specific operating requirements.
Properties of Ferro-TiCŪ Alloys
Grade Carbide
Matrix Alloy Type Hardness

Ann.  Hard.
Max. Working
C 45 Medium Alloy
Tool Steel
44   70 375 6.60
CM 45 High Chrome
Tool Steel
48   69 975 6.45
CM-25 25 High Chrome
Tool Steel
32   66 1000 7.00
CHW-45 45 Hot Work
Tool Steel
45   64 1000 6.45
CHW-25 25 Hot Work
Tool Steel
30   61 1000 7.00
SK 35 Impact Resistant
Tool Steel
38   62 1000 6.80
CS-40 45 Martensitic
50   68 700 6.45
PK 42 Maraging
50   61 840 6.60
MS-5A 41 Age Hardenable
Martensitic SS
48   61 840 6.55
HT-6A 40 Age Hardenable
Nickel Base
46   52 1800 6.80

Properties of Ferro-TiCŪ Alloys.
Grade Grade
Coefficient of
Trans. Rupt.
Size Change
thru Heat
Treat %
C 70-375F   1.96 216 520 323 5 +0.048
CM 70-975F   3.08 185 482 211 2 -0.011
SK 70-1000F   5.89 225 381 422 100 +0.034
CS-40 70-700F   2.45 149 453 148 1 +0.016
PK 70-840F   2.11 200 417 421 84 -0.029
MS-5A 70-840F   1.97 256 415 343 9 -0.009
HT-6A 70-1800F   4.93 191 285 306 11 -0.014

Grade Comments
C Excellent vibration dampening in the annealed condition, excellent cryogenic properties. Replaces A-2 tool steel. Highly Magnetic.
CM For warm metalworking, drawing and forming. Replaces D-2 tool steel. Magnetic.
SK Excellent impact strength. Increased wear resistance over CM-25 and CHW-25. Replaces S-7 tool steel. Magnetic.
CS-40 High hardness with corrosion resistance of 400 series stainless steels. Magnetic.
PK Combination of excellent transverse rupture strength, impact strength, and corrosion resistance. Good thermal shock resistance. Magnetic.
MS-5A Excellent corrosion resistance. Excellent size stability at elevated temperatures. Replaces 27-4 PH Stainless. Slightly magnetic. An FDA approved material.
HT-6A Excellent oxidation and corrosion resistance at high temperatures. Replaces StelliteTM/InconelTM. Non-magnetic.